Symptoms of Gum Disease 


Gum disease, called periodontitis, is a serious oral health condition that causes damage to the soft tissues inside the mouth. Without treatment, gum disease can destroy the bone that supports your teeth. Untreated gum disease can also cause teeth to become loose in gums and even lead to tooth loss. Chronic gum disease may result in infection spreading to other areas of the body which can cause severe health conditions. Luckily, gum disease is easily preventable. By brushing twice per day, using dental floss regularly and scheduling a general check-up once or twice per year you can ensure your risk of developing gum disease is kept to a minimum and, if it occurs, ensure that treatment is successful. 

Causes of Gum Disease 

Gum disease generally stems from a build-up of plaque on the teeth. If it is not removed, plaque can harden underneath the gum line to become calculus. Calculus is characterised by a build-up of bacteria which causes infection. It cannot be removed by brushing and requires proper attention from a dentist. If calculus builds up in between teeth and gums it can cause gingivitis (mild gum disease) which can rapidly develop into periodontitis (chronic gum disease). 

Symptoms of Gum Disease 

Healthy gums are pink and firm – they fit snugly around teeth and don’t bleed when brushed. Unhealthy gums, however, manifest a range of different symptoms which can all point towards the presence of gum disease. These symptoms include: 

  • Swollen or puffy gums. 
  • Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums.. 
  • Gums that feel tender when touched 
  • Gums that bleed easily. 
  • Pink-tinged toothbrush after brushing. 
  • Spitting out blood when brushing or flossing your teeth. 
  • Bad breath. 
  • Pus between your teeth and gums. 
  • Loose teeth or loss of teeth. 
  • Painful chewing. 
  • New spaces developing between your teeth. 
  • Gums that pull away from your teeth (recede), making your teeth look longer than normal. 
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite. 

If, in between your regular dental check-ups, you notice any of the above symptoms occurring, it is best to book a consultation with your dentist immediately to ensure that any gum disease present is treated thoroughly.  

How to Prevent Gum Disease 

The best way to prevent gum disease is a steady routine of good oral care and frequent check-ups with your local dentist. Brush your teeth for at least two minutes twice per day: in the morning and before bed. Flossing is also recommended as a preventative measure because it removes any food particles trapped between teeth and gums. Be sure to schedule a regular appointment with your dentist so that you can get a professional scale and clean done. Your local dentist will remove any plaque or calculus build-up from your teeth to ensure that your risk of developing gum disease is as minimal as possible. 

Dental Treatment Fortitude Valley – Book an Appointment Today 

Looking to enjoy a more-comfortable smile full of healthy teeth? Book a consultation for any dental treatment you need at Central Brunswick Dental Centre today.